There is a wide variety of types of food packaging , which tends to generate many doubts regarding the appropriate choice. In this article we help you choose the food packaging that your company needs.

What are the types of food packaging?

There is a wide variety of types of food packaging , which tends to generate many doubts regarding the appropriate choice. In this article we help you choose the food packaging that your company needs.

The various types of food packaging allow selecting the best alternative to keep this type of product in the best conditions until its destination in the commercial gondolas or the consumer’s table.

Food packaging is one of the most important points to be considered by a company dedicated to this field, since it must guarantee certain physical conditions to avoid contamination.

Below you will be able to know the most used types of food packaging .


They are surely the most chosen type of packaging to store foods such as fruits and vegetables, pastries, meats, among others. They can be foamed, transparent, peelable, with a high barrier and other functionalities that protect the merchandise, keep it clean and protect it.

There are different sizes and shapes, some can even be manufactured with a lid to facilitate transfer and avoid spills.

>Bag In Box

It is ideal for storing and transferring liquids since its format is an inner plastic bag and an outer cardboard container that increases the protection of the internal product. Many of these bags have a tap that facilitates the dosage of the liquid.

>Single-use and reusable bags

Bags used to store food can be single-use or reusable . The latter are the most used since consumers increasingly want companies to offer ecological alternatives in their packaging.

Bags are the flexible containers par excellence that promote optimal transfer since, for the most part, they usually have handles or formats suitable for it. In addition, there are as many sizes as colors and they can be strategically designed to promote a positive brand image.


These are rigid packages that are made up of a base and 4 sides. They are strong and resistant to transport large amounts of food thanks to the waves and thicknesses that constitute them.

In addition, they are the best alternative to packaging materials that are not sustainable since the boxes tend to be made mostly of cardboard, the ecological element par excellence.

>Film, stretch and shrink film

The films are an extra element to the protection of food since they can accompany trays, boxes, plastic boats, etc. Although they can also be used exclusively to wrap food.

It is a very thin but resistant plastic layer that can have different thicknesses.

In the case of stretch film, it complies with tensile strength, reaching great possibilities of stretching, being used mainly to group several smaller packaging units.

For its part, the shrink film contracts with heat allowing the immobilization of the contents. This compacts and binds them together for easy grouping and moving.

>Flow pack

This food packaging is made up of a film with a longitudinal seal and two transverse seals, creating a perfectly sealed package.

Types of food packaging according to material

We can classify the types of food packaging considering the material with which they are manufactured. They are:

Glass. Glass is fragile and does not degrade, which is rarely used to house food. However, many companies still use it as the ideal option to market their products, especially when it comes to foods with a liquid or semi-liquid consistency such as yogurt, drinks, sweets, etc.

Paper and cardboard. They are economic elements since they come from wood and thanks to the wide range of customization possibilities they have, they are becoming the best type of packaging for certain foods.

Plastic. Polypropylene, polystyrene or polyethylene containers are widely used for transporting food, especially for take away from restaurants and bars that offer this service with prepared meals that require a certain temperature and support for transport.

Metal. They make up the containers for canned foods and are usually sealed to prevent spills. They can be made of tin or aluminum and guarantee healthiness and resistance to knocks or bad handling.

Types of food packaging according to the technique used

The types of food packaging are also classified according to the techniques used to close and protect the products inside.

>Traditional packaging

The objective of this technique is to protect the product against possible external contacts that could contaminate it. It is the most used for highly variable products such as spices, rice or coffee.

>Vacuum packed

Thanks to this enclosure technique, the air surrounding the product is blocked, substantially reducing the proliferation of microorganisms. It is used in fresh foods such as meat, fish, vegetables and fruits, cheeses, etc.


It is a simple extensible and self-adhesive packaging that wraps the product, in general, in a plastic tray. With this technique desiccation is prevented although microbial growth is not guaranteed.

>Packaging in modified atmosphere (EAM)

This packaging replaces the air that surrounds a product with a gas or mixture of gases, which are usually nitrogen, oxygen and carbon dioxide. Its main characteristic is that the mixture of gases or the gas does not remain constant, but varies.

>Packaging in controlled atmosphere (EAC)

It is similar to the previous packaging since the food is surrounded by an internal gaseous atmosphere that remains stable until the product is opened. Its composition usually includes nitrogen and carbon dioxide.

At Biotech Packages we advise you so that you can choose the best option among the various types of food packaging. Contact us!

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